Using a CB radio, most people get an SWR meter in place to find the perfect tuning for their antenna. It works great and helps get the best of performance as you often have the risk of damaging the CB radio if you get things wrong.
So, many newbies don’t start with the SWR meter when they get gear.
For them trying to tune without an SWR meter might come with challenges. And if you’re facing that too, you might need to learn how to tune a CB radio without an SWR meter. It won’t take time to get it.
Just follow along, and you will see that for yourself.
Why Tune CB Radio?
How are you going to receive the transmission? You might be able to use the full watts of your CB radio and send the signal. But when it gets reflected back to you, the quality of contact won’t be good if the antenna’s tuning isn’t right.
And with a device like the CB radio that uses low frequency, the problem can be even more. There will be nothing but noise and static.
By tuning the antenna on it, you will get the proper signal to give you a quality transmission to listen to. And that’s what you want unless you want just to occupy your desk with all the gear lying around for nothing!
Why SWR Meter Gets Used?
To set up the antenna, right away, a device called the SWR meter gets used. What it does is that it lets you know the signal strength on the antenna that is sending and receiving.
The idea here is to get the SWR reading as low as you can. If it is too high, the CB radio won’t work right, and there is the risk of wrecking the gear altogether. On the other hand, low reading will ensure the tuning is better between the channels.
SWR meter gives you all that info to work with the CB radio in a better way.
How To Tune CB Radio Without The SWR?
Now, in this case, the use of an SWR isn’t on the cards. That is out of the question. In this scenario, what you will need is a second CB radio to get the tuning right on the antenna. That sounds expensive, doesn’t it?
Don’t worry, just find someone nearby with one and ask them to tag along to get it up and running. Getting help won’t be hard as the CB community stands by one another in need.
Ok, if you’ve got one, then start with the process.
Find an Open Area:
To get this tuning right, you’ve got to find an open area. Obstacles aren’t a friend of the CB waves. Therefore, you need to go to a free space within a 40-meter radius. Using a linear amplifier might get you to help through your area’s buildings and get the range.
Set the two radios apart from each other within that distance. Make sure one of the radio should be pre-tuned. In this case, the other persons should be ready.
Set Up The Antenna:
What you need to do is set up the antenna for transmission. However, you should make sure that it happens at a low power level to make the tuning process smooth.
A great way to manage that is to put on a plastic cap at the antenna to keep the level low. Then adjust it to a length from where you won’t be able to shorten it.
Pick A Channel:
Here, you will be trying to make a connection between the CB radios. So, you need to be on the same channel. Avoid the 9 and 19 channels as you should know there is too much activity all the time.
Try to establish the line between the two.
Trial And Error:
Now comes the most crucial part after establishing the line. You’ve got to start transmitting. When you do that, you need to ask the other person if he is getting the signal. Working in an open field is helpful for this reason. You guys can signal each other to know whether the signal is getting clear or getting worse.
During this process, you need to screw the antenna, try different angles and lengths to get the best result. And that’s it. Keep doing it until you get the result you want.
Why Get The SWR?
You can tune the mentioned way, which works. But it requires a lot of time and, more importantly, finding another CB enthusiast in your locality to get starting with the process. If you’re lucky enough, maybe you will find one nearby. But in case you don’t, the SWR meter is the best way to tune the CB radio antenna.
But what’s the benefit it has over the other. There are a couple of things that it will give you that can make the tuning a breeze.
First of all, things will get done faster. Yes, you might think there is the risk of overpowering the SWR reading and getting the CB radio damaged. But if you aim to keep it below the 1.5 reading and tune according to that, it will get the job done much faster.
With the SWR meter, you can follow the reading. It will give you a clear idea of whether the SWR is going too high. That way, you can stop using the CB.
So, no doubt it comes in handy if you make the best use of it.
You know at which rating your transmission works best with the SWR. If you can use it to know that and then make changes to the gear to play with it. If things don’t work out, you can always go back as you know the actual reading on which the CB radio works.
Those who are just starting with the CB radio should know how to tune CB radio without an SWR meter will get them up and running right away.
But to truly want to enjoy the full potential of your gear, get an SWR meter.
Also read: How To Hook Up A CB Linear Amplifier